Born on 6 July 1894 in Brockville, Ontario - son of Maggie Lee, Mount Dennis, Ontario - at the time of his enlistment in 1915: trade as linesman; single; currently a member of the 48th Highlanders of Canada; no previous military service; Presbyterian; height of 5 feet 6.5 inches; chest of 35 inches fully expanded; fair complexion; blue eyes; dark brown hair.
Joined the 59th Battalion, CEF, in Lindsay, Ontario, on 7 May 1915 - transferred to the 38th Battalion, CEF, on 22 June 1915 (number 410807) - served with the 38th Battalion during its period of garrison duty in Bermuda - landed in France with the 38th Battalion on 13 August 1916 - wounded on 30 October 1917 - invalided to England on 10 December 1917 - later served with the 6th Reserve Battalion, CEF, and reached the rank of Acting Quartermaster-Sergeant.
Awarded the Military Medal - no official citation - unit recommendation dated 17 April 1917: "For gallant conduct in attacking an enemy M.G. post in operation of Apr. 9/17."
(sources: Library and Archives Canada (www.collectionscanada.gc.ca), online attestation papers; Canadian War Museum, 19740281-001, Manu 58F 2 3, 207th Canadian Infantry Battalion and 38th Canadian Infantry Battalion, Nominal Roll; The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa Regimental Museum, A400-0007, Master Personnel List for the 38th Canadian Infantry Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force; Canadian War Museum, 19680229-001, Manu 58C 1 2.18, Honours and Awards, 38th Battalion (Records of recommendations for honours and awards and mentioned in dispatches 19161121 19190117))