Born on 3 December 1892 in Scotland - next of kin, Mrs Mary Adamson, mother - attestation form gives trade as laborer, single, not a present member of the militia, previously served with 5th Black Watch Territorials, height of 5 feet 7 inches, chest of 39 inches, florid complexion, blue eyes, dark hair, Presbyterian.
Joined the 59th Canadian Infantry Battalion - transferred to the 38th Battalion on 22 June 1915 (number 410003) - served with the 38th Battalion during its period of garrison duty in Bermuda - landed in France with the battalion on 13 August 1916 - wounded on 26 June 1917 - rejoined the 38th Battalion on 3 July 1917 - struck off the strength of the 38th Battalion on 13 May 1918 - later served with the CMGRP[?], CCRC[?] and CGBD[?], and promoted to Acting-Sergeant.